But, Despite, though & Co: esprimere un contrasto in inglese.

Ci sono due tipi di contrasto: a) Quando il fatto 2 è in qualche modo sorprendente/inaspettato alla luce del fatto 1. b) Quando il fatto 2 è l’opposto del fatto 1.

A) Il fatto 2 è in qualche modo sorprendente/inaspettato alla luce del fatto 1. Ci sono diversi modi per esprimere questo tipo di contrasto. La parola più importante per esprimere contrasto in inglese è BUT. Questa congiunzione ci permette di unire due frasi. Oltre a BUT, ci sono tanti altri modi per esprimere un contrasto in inglese: IN SPITE OF – DESPITE – ALTHOUGH – THOUGH – EVEN THOUGH – EVEN SO – HOWEVER – NEVERTHELESS – NONE THE LESS – ALL THE SAME – STILL – YET.

Vediamoli attraverso degli esempi.

  • Ann’s husband is a difficult man, but she loves him.
  • I shut the door firmly, but did not lock it.
  • She loves him in spite of his faults.
  • Mary and Ken stayed together for twelve years, despite their differences.
  • Although I’m very fond of Joe, there are times when I could murder him!
  • I can still criticise her, even though she’s a friend of mine.
  • Tom was still suffering from a knee injury, none the less / nevertheless he was chosen to run in the marathon.
  • They haven’t eaten for days, (and) yet they look healthy.
  • Stan was lazy and failed his exams. His brother, however, was successful and later became a famous lawyer.
  • We didn’t win the competition. Still, our results were very good.

B) Il fatto 2 è l’opposto del fatto 1. Questo è un tipo di contrasto meno importante nel quale i fatti sono direttamente opposti tra loro. Questo tipo di contrasto si può esprimere con le seguenti parole: BUT – WHILE – WHEREAS – ON THE OTHER HAND – IN/BY CONTRAST.

Vediamoli attraverso degli esempi.

  • This week the weather is good, but last week it was cold and wet.
  • In Britain the hottest month of the year is usually July, while / whereas in Australia it is usually the coldest. 
  • The girls tended to prefer reading and writing. The boys, on the other hand, were keener on IT and sport.
  • The children had their main meal at midday. In / by contrast, their parents had their main meal in the evening.